During the 1926-1927 excavation season, the Museum’s Egyptian Expedition
uncovered three foundation deposits along the eastern enclosure wall of
Hatshepsut’s funerary temple at Deir el-Bahri in Western Thebes. Among
the contents were 299 scarabs and stamp-seals. Sixty-five of these are
now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo, and the rest were acquired by the
Museum in the division of finds.
Among the inscriptions on the
bases of these scarabs and seals are examples of every title Hatshepsut
held, from the time she was “king’s daughter” during the reign of her
father, Thutmose I; through the time she was queen of her half-brother,
Thutmose II; and during her co-reign with her nephew/step-son, Thutmose
Thirteen of the scarabs are inscribed
with various writings of the extended form of Hatshepsuts personal
name, Hatshepsut-united-with-Amun, which sometimes appears, enclosed in a
cartouche, as the last element of her titulary as king. By adopting
this name, Hatshepsut links herself to the powerful god Amun of Thebes,
whom she claimed as her father.
This example is the largest and
most elaborately carved of the scarabs. Unlike others, the body of the
beetle has been partially separated from the base. A triangular repair
is also visible in the upper right of the base, and a small ankh
hieroglyph (life) may be seen in the lower right.